Black and White titles and terminology

Appa Mama- How the Prince’s and princesses address the King, their fathers.
Omma Mama- How the Prince’s and princesses address the Queen, their mother.

Jeonha- How others address the King

Jung Jeon- How others address the Queen

Seja Jeoha- Crown Prince

Seja- Prince

Daegun- Legitimate son/sons of the King

Gongju- Princess

Bubuin- The wife of a Grand Prince
Daegam- How really high ranking officials are addressed. E.g, the ministers in this story

Yongam- Also for high ranking nobles.

Doryeonnim- for addressing the son of a noble

Agashi- for addressing the daughter of a noble

Naeuri- Middle ranking men

Ma Nim- Female version of Naeuri

Hyeong nim- elder brother or male from a guy’s perspective

Orabeoni- elder brother or male from a girl’s perspective

Noonim/Noona- elder sister or female from a guy’s perspective

Eonni- elder sister or female from a girl’s perspective

Abeoji/Appa- Father

Eomoeni/Omma- Mother

Gisaeng- The Korean equivalent of a Geisha. Considered slaveshey are entertainers, usually in music, dance, art, etc. Most also have to entertain men, of course. Their rank is one of the lowest…

Gyobang- Where Gisaengs live.

Sangbok- business outfit for Kings and court officials

Gonryongpo- specifically for Kings and princes. The front, back and arms of the garment has the round dragon emblem.

Hanbok/ Yungbok- Native Korean outfits, the yungbok being more for military, fighting, hunting and so on. The more elegant the outfit, the richer the person! 

I probably won’t go into such details for the clothes, but I included their terms below:


Chima- the skirt on a lady’s Hanbok

Jeogori- the top of the Hanbok, or that small jacket on top.

Dongjeong- White collar

Otgoreum- The cloth or ribbon, which ties the Jeogori in places. Usually very long.

Norigae- Hanbok pendant. Usually hanging on the Otgoreum or from the base of the Jeogori.

Kutdongs- Cut sleeves

Kudongs- Sleeve endings

Dwikkoji- small hairpin

Baetssi daenggi- Hair adornment for unmarried women.

Cheopji- Hair adornment for married women.

Daenggi meori- Braided hair for young, unmarried girls.

Jjokjin meori- Hairstyle for married women.


Ikseongwan- King and Crown Prince’s Crown
Heukhwa- Boots worn by the king

Mokhwa- Boots for officials

Taesahye- flat shoes for nobles

Heukhye- daily flat footwear for scholars and nobles

Jeogori- Jacket

Baji- trousers

Dopo- Over coat

Dapho- Sleeveless vest with embroidery or normal designs

Gat- The wide-brimmed hats nobles wore. The higher nobles included a string of gemstones on theirs to show their rank.

Most of the clothing terms came from the Joseon Fashion Show- Lee Soon and JOJ, by achillesbriseis on WordPress.

Hanok- Traditional Korean houses.

Palanquin…. Well…. This is English. Just that, in this story- and the Joseon era- only rich nobles rode one.


Simple Terms

Ani- No

Ye/ Ne- Yes

Komabseubnida- Thank you, polite

Komawo- Thank you, informal

Kamsahabnida- Also Thank you, Polite

Kamsa- Also Thanks, informal

Heol- Wow

Daebak- Jackpot/ wow

Omo- Oh my… Used mostly by females

Aigoo- Some sort of speech exclamation type… thingy 😁


Major Places

Gwang Guk- The Capital of Eondoeg Mun. It’s in the North.

Nam Guk- The Southern Province

Seo Guk- The Western Province

Dong Guk- The Eastern Province


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